This is a brief history of the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the civil liberties we have lost because of it. Also, it is a testament to what a government can accomplish when it’s people are in fear. The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s powers grew under the tutelage of people like Lt. Col. Oliver North and General Richard Secord, the architects on the Iran-Contra Scandal. FEMA has been given responsibility for disaster relief, including urban forest fires, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, refugee situations, urban riots, and emergency planning for nuclear and toxic incidents. FEMA was created in a series of Executive Orders. A Presidential Executive Order, whether Constitutional or not, becomes law simply by its publication in the Federal Registry. Congress is bypassed. FEMA has only spent about 6% of its budget on national emergencies, the bulk of their funding has been used for the construction of underground facilities to assure continuity of government in case of a major emergency – foreign or domestic.